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In the United States compared the reception of refugees from Ukraine and from Afghanistan

In summer, the number of Ukrainians who moved to the United States will reach 100,000

This summer, the United States promises to accept 100,000 Ukrainian refugees. Since the beginning of March, at least 71,000 people from Ukraine have already entered the States, fleeing the conflict in their homeland. Meanwhile, despite the loud promises of the White House, human rights activists criticize the actions of the Biden administration to receive migrants.

Smaller At least 71,000 Ukrainians have arrived in the US since March, and President Biden has promised to take in 100,000 people, writes The Guardian.

To date, more than 15,000 Ukrainians have entered the US after being approved for sponsorship under the Unity for Ukraine program, according to data from the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) provided to NBC. Another 23,000 people have been approved but have not yet made the journey; the organization of trips depends on the Ukrainians or their sponsors.

Since the program launched in April, donors including friends, family, non-governmental organizations and church groups have submitted online applications to support more than 60,000 Ukrainians wishing to enter the United States. There are about 1,400 new online sponsorship applications for individual Ukrainians, according to the Washington Post.

In recent years, the US has become an increasingly hostile environment for many migrants and refugees, but Ukrainians are mostly welcomed without controversy, notes The Guardian .

According to the UN, at least 12 million Ukrainians have been displaced due to the conflict in their country. Of these, almost 5.3 million have taken refuge in European countries, including 1.8 million in the Russian Federation, 1.2 million in Poland, 780,000 in Germany and 120,000 in Spain. About 7 million Ukrainians are considered internally displaced.

With such a huge number of refugees, The Guardian notes, the Biden administration is likely to face pressure to raise the ceiling for Ukrainians allowed into the US.

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While the number of Ukrainians arriving through the Citizen Sponsorship Scheme is growing, most of those who have made it to the United States to date have arrived on valid visas or have crossed the border between Mexico and the United States in the south.

At the southern border, nearly 24,000 Ukrainians crossed the U.S. border at land crossings such as Tijuana from March to May, according to Customs and Border Protection. Since then, Ukrainians have been subject to the same land border restrictions that have been placed on tens of thousands of Mexicans and Central Americans who have largely been barred from seeking asylum due to a controversial executive order that has been in place and selectively enforced since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

According to The Washington Post, at the current rate of accepting refugees from Ukraine, the Biden administration could reach its goal of accepting 100,000 Ukrainians this summer, announced in April. Officials stressed that this number is a commitment, not a ceiling; this means that the reception can – and should – continue after the promised mark is reached.

Given that the conflict in Ukraine could become protracted, the US administration would be wise to prepare for a long-term commitment, emphasizes The Washington Post. Most Ukrainians who left their homes hoping to return soon have been waiting in neighboring countries – Poland, Romania, Moldova and other countries of Eastern Europe. As the conflict drags on, more Ukrainians are likely to take advantage of resettlement opportunities further west to Western Europe and Canada, as well as the United States.

The Biden administration's sponsorship program is groundbreaking, freeing the government from its traditional role of resettling and supporting refugees. For now, this is a workable solution, but it only allows you to stay in the US for two years. This should not prevent Ukrainians who do not have U.S. sponsors from applying to enter the country through the regular refugee channel, a long-term process that allows them to settle permanently in the United States, writes The Washington Post.

Department of the Interior data shows that most of those Ukrainians who have entered the U.S. so far arrived on visas or crossed the U.S.-Mexico border, rather than through the Biden administration's Uniting for Ukraine web portal, which allows Americans to sponsor Ukrainians they know.

President and CEO of the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, Krish O'Mara Vinyaraja, says the Biden administration is inflating the number of Ukrainians it has worked on because only 15,000 have gone through the system it created: who actually did not go through the “Unity for Ukraine” program. I think the numbers show the current specific nature of the program. Ukrainian refugees are creatively exploring every avenue to find asylum in the US. But we have to make it as simple and clear as possible.”

As NBC News reports, only 300 Ukrainians have been resettled under the traditional US refugee program, which uses federal funds to take United Nations-verified refugees and resettle them in communities with resources to help find doctors, schools, jobs and connections. with their culture.

While Biden vowed to revisit the program after the Trump administration cut it drastically, his administration used emergency humanitarian powers to quickly but temporarily bring in the Afghans and Ukrainians. Many Afghans who served with US troops are left stranded in Afghanistan, which is now under the control of the Taliban (the organization is recognized as a terrorist organization and banned in the Russian Federation), while others brought to the US find themselves forced to wait in long lines to apply for benefits such as work permits.

Lacey Bromel, a political analyst for the International Refugee Project, says the large number of Ukrainians admitted to the US shows what the Biden administration could accept more refugees from other countries if they wanted to do it: “It's a reflection that when they have the political will, they can do it. We want the same to apply to Afghans who are still awaiting parole and to other populations awaiting admission under the US Refugee Program.”

Источник www.mk.ru

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